Close to 1/2 of U.S. adults infected with genital HPV

Close to 1/2 of U.S. adults infected with genital HPV

Close to 1/2 of U.S. adults infected with genital HPV

While the study did not examine HPV vaccination rates, Schaffner hoped the findings would encourage more parents to have their children vaccinated against HPV. Each HPV virus in this large group is given a number which is called its HPV type.

Visit the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for more on the human papillomavirus.

Doctors have no way of testing for HPV in men and the only test that can be conducted is for screening cervical cancer in women. Men can also get penile HPV cancer. HPV-16 and -18 are the viral strains that cause nearly all cervical cancers. But there are vaccines that can prevent infection with the types of HPV that most commonly cause cancer.

There a body of misconceptions and fears that could be producing the stagnation of the vaccination rates among the young says Electra Paskett, a cancer control researcher at The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center. (L) gives an HPV vaccination to a 13-year-old girl in her office at the Miller School of Medicine on September 21, 2011 in Miami, Florida.

The full series of the vaccine can prevent infections from the strains of HPV, which the National Cancer Institute says are associated with 70 percent of cervical cancers and "an even higher percentage of some of the other HPV-associated cancers".

The latest AIHW report shows how many girls, and for the first time, boys, aged 15 who have been fully immunised against HPV.

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"The best prevention is to immunize people", said Dr. Jane Korn, medical director of health promotion and chronic disease at MDH, in an interview with MinnPost.

From 2013 to 2014, prevalence of high-risk HPV among adults ages 18-59 was 22.7% - 25.1% for men and 20.4% for women. The CDC report stated that HPV was lowest among "non-Hispanic Asian adults" while oral HPV was "highest among non-Hispanic black adults". Close to 40 percent of women had any type of HPV and 20 percent had a cancer-causing strain, the researchers reported. Since the vaccine was introduced in 2006, the rates of infection have dropped from 11.5 percent to 4.3 percent among women ages 14 to 19.

More than 12,000 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer each year in the USA, and more than 4,000 of them will die of it. "What we see is that the proportion of people carrying, at any one moment, HPV in their throats is very substantial".

The study assessing the most common sexually transmitted infection came to some unnerving conclusions. This is because some papillomavirus strains could lead to certain types of cancer or genital warts.

- 80% of sexually active people will contract genital HPV in their lifetime and there are usually no signs or symptoms.

The CDC recommends vaccination for the youth ages 11 to 12 years to be protected from HPV prior to potential exposure to the virus through sexual contact.

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