Myanmar: UN: 310000 Rohingya Muslims flee, textbook example of ethnic cleansing

Myanmar: UN: 310000 Rohingya Muslims flee, textbook example of ethnic cleansing

Myanmar: UN: 310000 Rohingya Muslims flee, textbook example of ethnic cleansing

The government says about 400 people have been killed in the fighting, the latest to rock Rakhine State in western Myanmar.

Earlier Monday, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra'ad al-Hussein urged the Myanmar government to end the "brutal security operation" in Muslim-populated areas.

"I deplore current measures in India to deport Rohingya at a time of such violence against them in their country", Mr Zeid said, noting that some 40,000 Rohingyas had settled in India, including 16,000 who have received refugee documentation.

"The operation (by the Myanmar government against militants).is clearly disproportionate and without regard for basic principles of worldwide law", Mr Zeid noted.

Fresh violence erupted in Myanmar's Rakhine state almost two weeks ago when security forces launched an operation against the Rohingya community.

The violence began on 25 August when the Rohingya militants attacked police posts in northern Rakhine, killing 12 security personnel.

At least 313,000 Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh since August 25, when Rohingya insurgents attacked police posts, prompting Myanmar's military to retaliate with what it called "clearance operations" to root out the rebels.

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"We call on Burmese security authorities to respect the rule of law, stop the violence, and end the displacement of civilians from all communities", the White House said in a statement.

Bangladesh's minister Monday called the Myanmar's persecution of its Rohingya Muslims minority an "indirect attack" on his country.

In a report, United Nations investigators said the human rights violations constituted crimes against humanity. The surge in refugees has led Bangladesh authorities to look for land to rehabilitate the Rohingyas.

Bangladeshi sources say Myanmar's army recently planted new mines - an allegation denied by Myanmar officials.

In a heartfelt open letter to Myanmar's de facto leader, the 85-year-old described her as a "dearly beloved sister" but said the "unfolding horror" and "ethnic cleansing" ongoing in the country's Rakhine State forced him to speak out.

Noting that Myanmar had stripped Rohingyas of a wide range of rights, including citizenship, since 1962, the United Nations human rights chief took aim at official statements suggesting that refugees who had fled the violence would only be allowed back if they provide proof of nationality. The surge of refugees - many sick or wounded - has strained the resources of aid agencies already helping hundreds of thousands from previous spasms of bloodletting in Myanmar.

"The devastation of Yemen and the horrific suffering of its people will have huge and enduring repercussions across the region", Zeid said.

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