Scientists work with candy manufacturer to save chocolate from extinction

Scientists work with candy manufacturer to save chocolate from extinction

Scientists work with candy manufacturer to save chocolate from extinction

Apparently, cacao plants are especially sensitive to climate changes-most of the crops can only be grown in two small countries in Africa, currently-and with the ever-increasing temperatures, the plants are now on track for total extinction as early as 2050 (which, heads up, is only 32 measly years from now). Since the 1990s, more than one billion people from China, Indonesia, India, Brazil and the former Soviet Union have entered the cocoa market.

The places where cacao plants, necessary for the production of chocolate, grow are in danger of becoming warmer, drier, and less suitable for cacao cultivation, reported the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

Researchers at the University of California are teaming up with the Mars company, known for Snickers and M&M's, to save the plant before it's too late. Different strains of cacao lack the genetic variety to bolster the plants' resistance to such maladies as witches' broom, frosty pod rot, cocoa pod borer and cocoa swollen shoot. Typically, more than half of the world's chocolate comes from Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana and Indonesia.

The chocolate-producing plants only grow in specific locations that are within 20 degrees to the north or south of the equator.

This has led the company to make a $1 billion pledge towards reducing its business and supply chain's carbon footprint by more than 60 percent, in a plan called "Sustainability in a Generation".

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Barry Parkin, Mars' chief sustainability officer, told Business Insider: "We're trying to go all in here..."

Its initiative with Cho at UC Berkeley is another arm of that efforts. While the geneticist who invented CRISPR, Jennifer Doudna, acknowledged some risk inherent to the technology, which could potentially eradicate human diseases, she said it could have a big impact on the food we eat.

Notwithstanding which trim the general population sees CRISPR effectively utilized as a part of in the first place, the innovation will be a key device in a developing arms stockpile of methods we'll require in the event that we intend to keep eating things like chocolate as the planet warms.

"By and by, I'd love a tomato plant with organic product that remained on the vine longer", Doudna revealed to Business Insider.

So enjoy your chocolate while it lasts!

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